THE IMPORTANCE OF PREVENTING DISEASES
Diseases such as obesity or type 2 diabetes are the epidemic of the 21st century.
Obesity in Spain is reaching worrying figures, placing us at the top of Europe, with a prevalence of 25%.
Approximately 25,000 fractures each year due to osteoporosis in Spain and it is currently estimated to affect 64% of women.
There are more than 5 million hypertensive people over the age of 65, and it is expected to be 6 million in 2025. Only 75% of those affected know that they suffer from this disease and only half of them receive treatment.
TYPE 2 DIABETES
13.8% of the Spanish population suffers from type 2 diabetes, of which 6% are unaware that they suffer from this disease.
In Spain it is the leading cause of death in women and second in men. Every year stroke causes 90 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants.
Thrombosis is the formation of a clot inside a blood vessel and is one of the causes of an acute myocardial infarction. About 60,000 new cases of thrombosis are diagnosed each year in Spain.
More than 50% of the adult Spanish population suffers from high blood cholesterol (total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dl or pharmacological treatment)
The average prevalence of urolithiasis is more than two million total cases and more than 300,000 new cases annually.
AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION
Around 700,000 people currently suffer from the disease in Spain and it is the most frequent cause of blindness in developed countries.
SOME WORLDWIDE DATA
Reducing these numbers through prevention is our goal
PRINCIPLES OF NUTRIGENOMICS
In some individuals and under certain circumstances, diet may be a risk factor for disease.
Some genes regulated by diet (and their common variants) may play a role in the onset, incidence, progression or severity of chronic diseases.
The degree to which diet influences the health-disease binomial may depend on the individual genetic constitution.
Any dietary intervention based on knowledge of nutritional needs, nutritional status and genotype (e. g."individualized nutrition") will be useful in preventing, mitigating or curing chronic diseases.